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Going Concern Concept

The Importance of the Going Concern Concept in Accounting: Ensuring Business Continuity and Accurate Asset Valuation

The Going Concern Concept is a fundamental principle in accounting. It implies that a business is expected to continue its operations for the foreseeable future, rather than being a short-term endeavor.

This concept assumes that a business will have a continuous existence and will not be dissolved or shut down in the near future. It is significant in accounting because it forms the basis for valuing assets in the balance sheet.

Let's take an example to understand it better. Suppose a company purchases a plant and machinery with a lifespan of 10 years. According to the going concern concept, the expenses related to the purchase are divided into two categories: revenue expenditure and capital expenditure. Each year, a portion of the expense is treated as a revenue expenditure, while the remaining amount is considered an asset. This approach allows the company to represent the true value of the assets in its financial statements and fixed assets are valued at cost less depreciation.

In simpler terms, when a business spends money on something that will be used for many years, it is not appropriate to charge the entire amount as an expense in the year of purchase. Instead, a part of the expense is recognized each year, and the remaining amount is recorded as an asset.

Key Significant of the Going Concern Concept

  • It assists in the preparation of financial statements.

  • On the basis of the Going concern concept, depreciation is charged on the fixed assets..

  • It provides reassurance to investors that they can expect a continuous income from their investments.

  • Without this concept, the cost of a fixed asset would be treated as an expense in the year of purchase.

  • It enables the assessment of a business's ability to generate profits in the future.

In summary, the Going concern concept in accounting ensures that businesses are considered as ongoing operations and not short-term endeavors. This helps in accurately valuing assets and providing confidence to investors about the company's future prospects.

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